Introduction

Tana Toraja – is a mountainous area on Sulawesi island  in Indonesia.

Tana Toraja – is picturesque rice terraces. The landscape for which Tana Toraja is called Indonesian Switzerland.

Tana Toraja – is the festivals lasting up to a month during which the guests are dancing and singing in praise of the deceased.

Tana Toraja – is the wooden houses with horned roofs built up without a single nail and decorated with carved symbols.

This is the faith which combines genuine Christianity and ancient pagan rituals.

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The religion of Toraja

Toraja – is a Christian island in the predominantly Muslim province of South Sulawesi. It happened mainly due to the isolation of the mountain region.

The trade routes did not pass through it and Islam, which was spreading in Indonesia, largely due to the trade contacts with the Arabs and Indians, was not accepted in Toraja.

In the 17th century the territory involved in maritime trade, and neighboring with Toraja began to convert to Islam. But Tana Toraja was remaining pagan until to the early 20th century.

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The House of Torajanese

If the cover of a book about Toraja would have to be decorated with only one symbol - it would be Torajanese wooden house - tongkonan. Horned roof, black, white and red patterns – are its distinctive features.

The connoisseurs of Eastern culture know that such a form of the roof – is not something special, inherent only to Torajanese houses.

Similar roofs could be found in the houses of another Indonesian tribe - Bataks of Sumatra island, in the sacred complex of Ise in Japan, in the architecture of the south-western China.

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